Taiwan, Hong Kong, and US National Interests
Taiwan has long been an important American ally in East Asia and a critical element of America’s interests in the region. However, China’s recent imposition of a new national security law that strips Hong Kong of its unique legal status and autonomy calls into question the future of the tenuous relationship between China and Taiwan, a relationship to which America is inexorably linked. How does Taiwan view this latest fait accompli, following Beijing’s unilateral declaration of South China Sea sovereignty, its dredging operation to create new features in the Spratly Islands, and its militarization of these new features? What are the political and security implications for the United States in the region?
On August 11, 2020, the Center for the National Interest hosted a webinar to examine these important questions, featuring three very well-qualified speakers:
· Ambassador Steve Young, formerly our Ambassador to Kyrgyzstan, served as U.S. Consul General in Hong Kong, and later as Director of the American Institute in Taiwan, our de facto embassy there. Born in Washington, D.C., he moved to Taiwan at age 12 while his father served as an advisor to Taiwan’s Army in Kaohsiung during the early 60s. His State Department service includes the Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs, and Director of the Office of Chinese and Mongolian Affairs. He is a veteran of two tours in Moscow and a tour in Beijing. He holds a B.A. from Wesleyan University, and an M.A. and Ph. D from the University of Chicago.
· Dr. William A. Stanton is a 34-year veteran of the State Department. He served as Deputy Chief of Mission in Seoul, Korea, and Canberra, Australia. He was Chargé d’affaires ad interim for 22 months in Australia. He served in Beijing twice, for a total of six years. His final posting was as Director of the American Institute in Taiwan, where he successfully managed Taiwan’s entry into the U.S. Visa Waiver Program, two major security assistance agreements, and the re-introduction of U.S. beef into Taiwan. Upon retirement he remained in Taiwan as Vice President of National Yang Ming University. His most recent accomplishment there is the creation of a DOD-funded flagship Chinese Language Program, with the first students arriving in February.
· Lieutenant Colonel (ret.) Daniel L. Davis is currently a Senior Fellow and Military Expert at Defense Priorities, a think tank based in Washington, DC. A distinguished combat veteran, he is a regular contributor to Fox News, BBC World News, CNN, and CNBC. His work on defense, foreign affairs, and social issues has been published in the New York Times, Financial Times, CNN, The Guardian (UK), US News & World Report, The National Interest, and other publications. His recently published work in The American Conservative: Should the United States Go To War If Taiwan Is Attacked, is on our topic.
Lieutenant General Wallace C. Gregson (USMC, Ret.), Senior Director for China and the Pacific at the Center for the National Interest, moderated this discussion. Gregson is a former US Assistant Secretary of Defense for Asian and Pacific Security Affairs and previously served as Commander, U.S. Marine Corps Forces Pacific.